Blockchain & AI as an alternative to government
Public management still remains one of the last NecroVisioN areas that play an important role in our lives. In addition to the gap from the modern trends, many governments do not have a sufficient level of support from the citizens. A study of the consulting company Edelman Trust Barometer showed that last year 41% of the world population did not trust the leadership of their countries.
At the same time, the rapid development of decentralized systems, AI, global digitalization and the growing influence of the private sector, increasingly transforming the world, making traditional forms of government to fear of displacement. However, some governments are already beginning to move their powers in the digital world. In the article we examined how technology can replace government agencies, existing examples of such delegation and further prospects.
Moving public functions into the digital space
Countries and their governments are inevitably tied to certain territories, and public services are typically provided through physical agencies. However, the existing infrastructure, it soon migrates into the virtual space.
One of the most illustrative examples of the coming changes are innovative solutions in Estonia. Through the project, e-Estonia, the country is in the era of technological public administration. By moving many government functions to the cloud, residents can interact with the authorities is almost entirely through the server. By 2007, the citizens could vote directly from their homes.
In Estonia also use secure cryptographic digital signature, and each stage of the legislative process are available online. The registry of health is working on a blockchain that allows patients to access their own medical data from anywhere in the world. Citizens can view not only history, but also x-rays, digital prescriptions, medical records and keep track of who has access to them.
Today, most banks close their branches as 99% of payment transactions are conducted online. By 2020, the tax will be fully automated. This will launch a new portal, which will provide Autonomous data exchange between companies and fiscal authorities.
Email ID and personal PIN enable citizens to access the voting system, civil courts, land registries, banking services, taxes and virtually any public services. However, perhaps the most striking breakthrough was the launch of the electronic residence that allows any citizen of the world to remotely register your business in the country.
Although this identifier does not grant territorial rights, but more than 5 million e-residents have established the company in the jurisdiction of Estonia. After online registration, the entrepreneurs pay taxes automated and within minutes you can start to work.
System e-government and management, like any software, open source, can easily be copied and applied to any group or movement for the formation of their own state. Soon we will be able to observe the growth of ecosystems that test new digital infrastructure, competing with the major governments.
The application of AI in the legal sector
Almost a year ago, the United Arab Emirates became the first country which introduced the position of Minister for the development of artificial intelligence. His responsibilities included the digitalization of public services and reducing the cost of their provision. UAE cooking and other initiatives, including the creation of a robot police to 2030.
In the UK now has a Committee for artificial intelligence, and the last World Government Summit, world leaders discussed the principles of global regulation AI. The improvement of this technology, governments and the private sector to develop new products that will be introduced everywhere. Already now, there are 3 directions in this area.
The system of facial recognition and biometrics will soon begin to replace the traditional crossing points. London company Cubic Transportation Systems is working on automatic recognition of persons for the transport barriers. The biometric system will replace the check on the databases of passports.
China has already begun to move in this direction. A division of Alibaba Ant Financial offers to confirm digital payments using the “smile for the payment”. National control entities allow passengers to get on airplanes, employees to go into offices, and students in the audience. They provide automatic monitoring of cargo at borders for international travellers and is able to cross-check various databases and make decisions about the admission or prohibition on entry.
The rule of law
Using predictive Analytics, China also integrates a system of state surveillance and data sharing in law enforcement. It collects data related to offences, medicine, transaction, travel documents and social networks into a single “Police cloud” to detect suspects and predict future crimes.
However, China is not alone in his endeavors. This year during the London carnival Notting hill, the British police used a facial recognition system with cross-references to data on crime for preliminary identification and tracking of potential offenders.
The judicial system
Artificial intelligence may soon become a part of the judicial system. Researchers have developed a number of programs that modelling is able to accurately predict the results of court proceedings. National Bureau of economic research, the U.S. already uses data from hundreds of thousands of cases in new York to make decisions about sponsorship.
Although AI allows to simplify the procedure, but there are problems associated with the human factor. One of them is biased or biased decisions in terms of historical data. Another is that the government can abuse the information received. Therefore, the growth of data collection is associated with certain risks, but the solution may be to merge with bloccano.
Transparent governance and accountability
In addition to the AI, a huge influence on the governmental system is starting to have the blockchain. Decentralization makes it impossible for falsification of data. Perhaps for this reason, many governments are in no hurry to integrate the technology, fearing a transparent control. However, the benefits are too great to ignore.
First of all, the blockchain will ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. Included in the transaction block can’t be deleted or modified that will release the power of coercion to pay taxes.
Technology will also help in the field of cybersecurity. Future national network linking the IoT, cameras, and sensors along with bloccano will be able to automatically protect digital devices against cyber attacks.
Smart contracts will provide automation and transparency of transactions, which will eliminate the fraud in money transfers, the awarding of public contracts in the field of philanthropy. The world food programme of the UN has already launched a pilot project management assistance to the Syrian refugees in Jordan on the blockchain.
While it is difficult to say whether the development of AI and the blockchain to create new forms of government, or a fully digital government. However, they will definitely help to reduce bureaucracy and subjectivism, although such drastic changes can only occur during a crisis or revolution.
However, now some groups are planning to create your own Islands for the formation of new countries and declare blacken-States. In the future will begin to appear the colonies outside Earth in which people will be able to start a new life by different rules. In any case, the transition to digital governments is inevitable and soon we will see how they will start to displace the traditional system of government.
The development of technology will have an impact not only on the state system, but in the criminal sphere. We offer you to learn about sci-Fi crimes, which would be possible by 2040.