People are already cyborgs not fiction
Since time immemorial, people tend to compensate for physical defects or to increase their capabilities through various devices. In the digital age of humanity, there are many devices, so it is not surprising a pacemaker or ear implant.
However, some at their own will modify your body, incorporating a variety of devices that sometimes enables you to obtain superhuman abilities. In this article we will look at stories of real people-cyborgs, some of the development, causes and types of changes and will try to look into the near future.
The development of technology
Initially, people compensate for their physical shortcomings by creating artificial prosthetic limbs or organs. With the development of technology, they became more practical and functional. Now electronics can directly interact with nerve endings, neurons of the brain are already under investigation for the control of devices by thought and feeling, even a complete robotic system, as part of the body.
In medicine are increasingly used chips, electronics, artificial tissue, stimulators and amplifiers. The army is also working in this direction. However, some people tend to improve your body to experience new sensations, to stand out or have the abilities. Now they have become part of our society and every day they share is increasing.
Those who determine the modification of the body, usually do not just want to become better to do something, and to gain new abilities or to feel like a man from the future. The best known and first legally registered is a cyborg Neil Harbisson. He was born colorblind and totally unable to distinguish colors. To solve this problem, he decided to be implanted in the head antenna that converts color into sound waves. In fact, he hears it.
The antenna is equipped with sensors that translate signals and even Bluetooth, and charged it with the built-in head USB device. Cyborg hoped that in the future he will be able to replenish the charge due to the energy of your body. In addition to the standard spectrum that normal people can see, Neal distinguishes between signals in the ultraviolet and infrared, so can determine when the Bank active alarm system.
Thanks to the modernization, not only did he have super powers, but also created a new direction of art. He can portray a piece of music, speech, sound portrait of the man and released his own series of dresses.
Harbisson founded the international organization, helps those wishing to become a cyborg.
However, the first cyborg is a doctor of electrical engineering Kevin Warwick, who in 1998 was implanted in the arm capsule with a chip. The implant is allowed to open the door at work, turn on and off lights, alarm. The next step was a new device that is connected to a set of electrons with its cardiac nerve.
This scientist is not stopped and persuaded his wife to implant similar to the implant, claiming it will help them to communicate without words, as through the Internet. Although they speak still with us the usual speech, but Warwick says that their relationship became deeper and he feels the unity.
Software developer Tim cannon decided to monitor their health, but in an unusual way. For this, he implanted under the skin electronic chip Circadia 1.0. The operation was conducted by his friends, not versed in surgery, instead of anesthesia they used ice.
Subcutaneous device records body temperature and transmits the information to a smartphone. In the future, these devices may become commonplace and interact with smart home systems.
Scientists from the University Carnegie Mellon has decided that people do not have to implant a foreign object into the body to become a cyborg. They have created a device that turns the skin to the interface of the gadget. Special ring reports insensible high frequency electrical signal, and a bracelet captures them and turns the skin into the sensor. It can be used to play in the app, flip through records, and to select you need to double click.
Not all risk with new sensations and dangerous experiments, so decide to improve on their natural abilities. Although in any case, such modifications lead them to the holders of the ordinary.
Rob Spence, or as he calls himself “glesborg” lost an eye due to an unsuccessful shot from the weapon. Most would replace it with an artificial one that looks similar to the original, but not Rob. He decided to build in the vacant space camcorder battery.
The device records everything that happens, and the owner then can save any moment of life. In fact, he is the Director. Rob is constantly improving his camera to make it look more impressive.
Rich Lee in 2013 to enhance the hearing of embedded magnets in your ear cartilage, connecting them with a copper ring. He argues that grandmother childhood often read him fantastic stories of the 60’s, which inspired him later.
Eversloh was the first stage of perfection, then rich is going to implant a vibrator yourself in the groin to become a real sex machine. It is planned that the next implant will sync with Wi-Fi.
In Japan the creation of cyborgs began to engage in industrial scale. The local University and the company Cyberdyne has created an exoskeleton that apart from supporting people enhances their physical abilities. The device captures skin signals and independently controls the movements of the joints. With his help, man can lift five times the weight of your own body. The owner can be anybody with enough money to pay for it.
Compensation of disadvantages
The cause of most modifications is about people trying to recover their lost physical abilities. Therefore, in this direction, medicine and electronic systems has progressed furthest. Many institutions are developing cybernetic limbs, eyes, hearing devices and tactile.
As a result of several accidents, Jens Naumann completely lost the ability to see, but not hope for the restoration of this ability. In 2002, he became the first person in the history of artificial visual system that is directly connected with the brain. It does not replace these feelings through the signals of other bodies, and really see the world through cyberglass.
Although the technology is not very advanced for a full signal transmission, so Jens Naumann sees only a vague shape and form. Modern developments include 1,500 electrodes, which are placed under the retina that allows us to distinguish faces and read large lettering.
Cameron Clapp as a teenager in a train accident lost two legs and his right hand, which were replaced by artificial. They are equipped with special sensors that control the distribution of body weight and regulation of hydraulics, allowing you to move freely. Three artificial limbs do not interfere with Cameron to run, swim, play Golf and to be an actor. For different purposes it has separate sets of dentures.
The loss of physical abilities are not always associated with deprivation of body parts, it can be dysfunction. In this case, the solution may be a exoskeleton. Sergei Rubinstein in 2007, he received a spinal cord injury, but became the first Russian user development of smart suit. With its help he was able walk and even feel the muscles.
The suit is controlled via the electronic device and robotic system. However, his vest is 20 kg, but provides proper support to the back and roll your feet. Sergey believes that the future has come, and the exoskeleton provides a powerful motivation. The way he proposed and got married.
Technology continues to evolve at a rapid pace, and this is reflected in our lives. We are all closer and more frequent contact with digital devices, the virtual world. Some companies are already starting to implant subcutaneous implants compact the staff for identification. It is expected that this practice will begin to use the state organs.
Some researchers believe that due to further strengthening of human interaction with the virtual world appears everyday devices that will allow you to connect directly to the electronics. First, they are noninvasive and read the outgoing signals from us, and then people get used to them and realize that direct integration is much more effective. This decision will open the next era of evolution, but by the time the brain adapts and begins to form a separate zone for the new activity.
Modification of your own body will allow you to avoid the potential risk associated with artificial intelligence. Now errors are programming people’s lives.