The prospects of transferring consciousness into cyberspace
Everyone understands that our life is ever completed, but each hopes that this will happen as late as possible. This tends to any man, but science and medicine are looking for ways to achieve this. So each of us has thought about the prospect of eternal life. Although physical immortality is still impossible to calculate, but the rapid development of information technology, neural networks and the study of the human brain gradually bring us closer to the alternative – exist in cyberspace.
The desire for immortality
From a biological point of view, the goal of any life is in its continuation. Initially, the extension of the period of existence possible to increase the chances of creating a larger number of descendants and the survival of the species. Now, however, people are motivated by the desire not so much procreation as a interest in the future, thirst for knowledge, work plans, and so on. That is why, in the foreground, not the body, and human consciousness. Studies have shown that only 2% of the population can say that you have lived an interesting and eventful life, realizing all our plans.
Another reason is the fear of death. Although in some cultures it is perceived from a philosophical point of view. However, people are always afraid of the unknown, it is founded on an instinctive level. In this case, we are not afraid of the cessation of the functioning of the body, and loss of control, feelings. If people knew that after the death of the physical body his mind will continue to exist in another form, that death would be perceived as a transitional stage.
In addition to his own life, concerned about family, friends and beloved people. Their care might bring not only sorrow, but to deny the continued existence of joy or even meaning. Also, do not always have the opportunity to say goodbye.
Attempts to solve the problem of resurrection
Despite the insufficient level of development of modern technologies to significantly extend periods of life, or the transference of consciousness, philosophers and entrepreneurs are already developing possible theories and concepts. Some say that immortality would represent a kind of artificial intelligence that will be able to operate on the basis of the data of the deceased. Something similar already exists.
One of the co-founders of a startup specializing in the development chat with artificial intelligence, decided to use technology to create a virtual analogue of the slain founder of the company and its other. After his death, she read their correspondence and realized that this information can be used for writing a chat bot, recreating a “chat” with a digital identity. She’s got the history of communication and taught the AI to engage in dialogue, as well as her friend. Now anyone can chat with a simplified virtual counterpart of the deceased.
Russian billionaire Dmitry Itskov has left the media business and has hired a team of scientists to implement the idea of “cybernetic immortality” by 2045. He says that over the next 30 years will be to ensure that everyone has the opportunity to live forever. Adding that he was confident of achieving this goal 100%.
Quite popular are services companies cryogenic freezing of the body or the human brain, until the moment when technology will resurrect them in some form or other. Futurist ray Kurzweil has kept a box with Souvenirs and reminders of his late father, in the hope that one day, it will be able to bring him back to life.
Barbara Streyzend went even further. She kept the DNA of their beloved dog, and after her death grows already in the second generation clones. Although this is not actually the same pet, but the singer says that refers to them as daughters.
The prospect of cybernetic immortality
With the development of digital technologies in science fiction began to appear the idea of cybernetic immortality. For a few decades was invented many variants: from the transfer of consciousness into the virtual space, to copy it for subsequent integration into a new living body or robot. In the ideas of the futurists, such movements are not always due to death. Some suggest that the way people voluntarily want to expand its capabilities.
Our lives are becoming more connected to digital devices, the virtual world. Appear implants and sensors, processing information and interacting with the body. Already tested technology, uniting consciousness with computer systems, so that people will be able to literally feel them as his body. All this gradually brings us to cyberspace and blurs the boundaries between the two worlds.
Michael Graziano, Professor of psychology and neuroscience, believes that, in the end, the mind will be migrating information, in the same way as files can be moved from one device to another and are in the cloud. Brain activity based on electrical signals that involve certain sequences of neurons. In fact, all thoughts, memories, and behaviors it is only their combination that potentially can be explored, to fix and create a similar neural network.
However, the reverse process is not possible. The cultivation of the human brain and transfer the desired information is impossible. Therefore, the alternative should be robotic copies capable of transferring all of our customary experience. Consciousness can be transferred to the body, consisting of individual nanoparticles and host any form.
This will give the opportunity not only to save a person, but to apply it to help humanity. For example, the body Stevanna of Hawking hardly functioned in the last years of his life, and if the ball is available the possibility of moving into cyberspace, he would likely not give her up. Additionally, this would allow him to continue to develop the new theory, bringing huge benefits. Imagine all the great minds can be saved, what a boost it will give to the development of science, technology, medicine and other fields.
Besides the advantages, there are a number of ethical, psychological and technical problems. First of all, is it possible to transfer the mind into cyberspace without prior approval, who will control the conduct, behavior whether to impose restrictions to preserve biological life. Besides, you never know how consciousness is to cope with the new conditions, the form will be able to maintain stability with unlimited time, the prospects of aggression, committing crimes, sentencing options.
Just keep in mind that programs are prone to failures, viruses, break-ins, and the technique requires power, maintenance and replacement of elements. To transfer information about one person will need incredibly huge computing power and memory capacities, because in addition to video and audio, you remember the tastes, smells, feelings associated with each event. The problem can also be unlimited capacity and need to expand.
The mind is not just a set of sequences, it is contemplated development, and the expansion, adaptation, selectivity, and many other features that is impossible to implement in digital devices. Therefore, I hope that science will achieve their goals and will wish to continue their existence in another form.
While it is impossible to transfer the mind into cyberspace, some people on the contrary to improve your body, turning into real people-cyborgs.